CSS Exam -Psychology Paper I, II Past Paper 2008 :

 


FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS
IN BPS – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2008

Psychology Including Exp Psychology Paper I

 


TIME ALLOWED:
(PART-I)…………30 MINUTES…………..…..MAXIMUM MARKS:20
(PART-II)…………2 Hours & 30 Minutes……..MAXIMUM MARKS:80

NOTE:
(i) First attempt Part-I (MCQ) on separate Answer Sheet which shall be taken back after 30 Minutes.
(ii) Overwriting/cutting of the options/answers will not be given credit. Use of Calculator is allowed.

PART-I (MCQ)
(COMPULSORY)

Q.1. Select the best option/answer and fill in the appropriate box on the Answer Sheet. (20)

i- The three basic components of prejudice are Effective:
(a) Internal and External (b) Real and Imagined (c) Descriptive and Prescriptive (d) Cognitive and Behavioral (e) None of these

ii- Which of the following is an example of extrinsic motivation?
(a) Doing a good job becuase of the sense of satisfaction when you are finished (b) Doing a good job in order to get a pay raise (c) Working hard because of the pride you take in your work (d) Doing a good job because you enjoy your work (e) None of these

iii- Sources of frustration include:
(a) Environmental lacks (b) Environmental obstacles (c) incompatible motives (d) All of these (e) None of these

iv- Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of perception?
(a) Perception is an active process (b) Perception is a highly selective process (c) Perception is unaffected by motivation (d) Perception is so automatic that we are not aware of it (e) None of these

v- The first task in psychology is to carefully observe and objectively describe:
(a) Animals (b) Behaviour (c) Social Institution (d) Symptoms of abnormality (e) None if these

vi- Homeostasis is maintained by the _____ which also plays an important role in emotions:
(a) Hypothalamus (b) Thalamus (c) Limbic System (d) Reticular Activating System (e) None of these

vii- Some of the fibers from each eye cross over to the opposite brain hemisphere at the:
(a) Optic Chaisma (b) Optic Nerve (c) Blind Spot (d) Fovea (e) None of these

viii-Which one of the following is not a dimension of the auditory experience?
(a) Loudness (b) Pitch (c) Saturation (d) Timbre (e) None of these

ix- The best studied perceptual constancies include:
(a) Birghtness, focus, angle (b) Shape,location, size (c) Colour, texture, content (d) Size, age, weight (e) None

x- Behaviour according to Operant conditioning theory is controlled by:
(a) Its consequences (b) Free will (c) Knowledge (d) Instinct (e) None of these

xi- Experts generally agree that the primary emotions include:
(a) Fear, Anger and Joy (b) Disgust, anger and shame (c) Love, joy and sadness (d) Fear, anger and hatred (e) None of these

xii- According to Freud, most of the things, we do, think and feel are caused by:
(a) Conditioned response to our surroudings (b) Unconscious forces of which we are not aware (c) A strong desire to grow and develop (d) The beliefs and ideas we have about the world

xiii- One of the factors Alfred Adler believed to be important in shaping personality is:
(a) Difficulty with toilet training (b) Birth order in the family (c) Unconditional positive regard (d) The collective unconscious (e) None of these

xiv- Which of the following orders of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is correct:
(a) Safety, physiological, belongingness, self actualization, esteem (b) Belongingness,esteem, physiological,safety, self actualization (c) Physiological,belongingness,safety,esteem, self actualization (d) Physiological,safety,belongingness,esteem,self actualization (e) None of these

xv- The statement that psychology is empirical means:
(a) Psychology is different from other sciences (b) The methods of psychology are based on controlled experiments and on observations made with great precision and objectivity (c) Scientific psychology originated in greek and roman ages (d) Psychological principles are based on consensus of scientists (e) None of these

xvi- Many of the Neo-Freudians have modified Freud’s original theory of personality to give more emphasis to:
(a) Child sexuality (b) Social and cultural factors (c) Difference between sexes (d) Unconscious forces (e) None of these

xvii- Norms can be best defined as:
(a) Standards and expectations shared by members of a society (b) rules of law (c) Statistically normal behaviour (d) Universal rules of conduct (e) None of these

xviii- The kind of conflict experienced by a student who simultaneously wants to watch a late night movie on television and get a good night’s sleep is best described as:
(a) Approach-avoidance (b) Double approach-avoidance (c) Approach-Approach (d) Avoidance-Avoidance (e) None of these

xix- Axon and dendrites are part of a:
(a) Myelin Sheath (b) Cell body (c) Neuron (d) Node (e) None of these

xx- Motion pictures are based on:
(a) The gamma phenomenon (b) The principle of illusionary circle (c) The autokinetic illusion (d) Stroboscopic vision (e) None of these

 

 

PART – II


(i) PART-II is to be attempted on the separate Answer Book.
(ii) Attempt ONLY FOUR questions from PART-II. All questions carry EQUAL marks.
(iii) Extra attempt of any question or any part of the attempted question will not be considered.

Q-2 What are the major approaches or perspectives in modern psychology?

Q-3 Identify and describe the major structures and functions of hind brain, mid brain and fore brain.

Q-4 Explain how a person’s needs, beliefs, emotions and expectations can influence his or her perceptions?

Q-5 Differentiate between motivation and emotions. Critically evaluate different theories of emotions

Q-6 Describe the process of classical conditioning and recognize the principles in real life situations.

Q-7 Define attitude. Discuss the relationship between attitude and behaviour.

Q-8 Write short notes on any two of the following:

(a) Personality Tests (b) Socialization (c) Reinforcement (d) Endocrine System

 

 


 

 


FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS
IN BPS – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2008
Psychology Including Experimental Psychology Paper Paper II


TIME ALLOWED:
(PART-I)…………30 MINUTES…………..…..MAXIMUM MARKS:20
(PART-II)…………2 Hours & 30 Minutes……..MAXIMUM MARKS:80

NOTE:
(i) First attempt Part-I (MCQ) on separate Answer Sheet which shall be taken back after 30 Minutes.
(ii) Overwriting/cutting of the options/answers will not be given credit. Use of Calculator is allowed.

PART-I (MCQ)
(COMPULSORY)

Q.1. Select the best option/answer and fill in the appropriate box on the Answer Sheet. (20)

 

i- According to Alfred Adler, helplessness of the infant accounts for:
(a) feelings of inferiority (b) compensatory strivings (c) A need to strive for superiority (d) All of these

ii- Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development states:
(a) Children are egocentric during the stage of pre operational thought
(b) Object permanance is developed during stage of concrete operational thought
(c) When children proceed from the stage of pre operational thought to the stage of formal operations, they achieve sense of conservation and reversibility
(d) Child development is largely culturally determined

iii- Autonomous functions of the ego include all of the following except:
(a) Perception (b) Repression (c) Language (d) Intelligence

iv- Which of the following statements applies to the unconscious?
(a) Its elements are inaccessible to the conscious (b) Its closely related to the pleasure principle (c) Its closely related to instincts (d) All of these

v- A gambler lost 1000 rupees at a racetrack but he was not upset. He said, “I would have spent the money on any other thing any way”. Which defense mechanism does his statement involve?
(a) Reaction formation (b) Undoing (c) Denial (d) Rationalization

vi- Fixed false belief based on incorrect inferences about external reality is called:
(a) Delusion (b) Obsession (c) Overvalued Idea (d) Phobia

vii- A simple schizophrenia is characterised by:
(a) An insidious loss of drive and ambition (b) Persistent Delusions (c) Persistent Hallucinations (d) All of these

viii- Which of the following instances suggest psychotherapy would be of no use?
(a) A person who compeltely lacks remorse for past doing
(b) A person with an inability to form emotional attachment
(c) A person whose life situation cannot be modified
(d) A person who is a close friend of the analyst

ix- The most frequently cited characteristic among children with ADHD is:
(a) Perceptual-motor impairment (b) Disorder of memory and thinking (c) Hyperactivity (d) Disorder of speech and learning

x- In operant conditioning:
(a) Continuous reinforcement schedule is least susceptible to extinction
(b) Negative reinforcement is a type of punishment
(c) The process is related to trial and error learning
(d) Shaping occurs when responses are coincidentally paired to a reinforcer

xi- Ashi memorized her shopping list. When she got to the store she found out that she had forgotten many of the items in the middle of the list. This is an example of:
(a) Inappropriate coding (b) Retrograde Amnesia (c) Proactive Interference (d) The serial position effect

xii- Positive reinforcement _______ the rate of responding; Negative reinforcement ______ the rate of responding:
(a) Increases; decreases (b) Decreases;increases (c) Increases;increases (d) Decreases;decreases

xiii- Hormones are to endocrine system as ________ are to nervous system:
(a) Nerves (b) Synapses (c) Neurotransmitters (d) Action Potential

xiv- The thalamus can be characterised as:
(a) A regulatory system (b) The consciuos switch of the brain (c) A relay system (d) A bridge between two cerebral hemispheres

xv- Chomsky proposed that children learn a language:
(a) One’s thought determines the nature of one’s language
(b) Language and thought are separate and independent processes
(c) Language and thought interact, each influencing the other
(d) Because they possess an innate language acquisiton device

xvi- According to James-Lange Theory of Emotion:
(a) The experiences of emotions depends upon autonomic arousal and on one’s cognitive interpretation of that arousal
(b) Different patterns of autonomic arousal lead to the experience of different emotions
(c) Emotions occur when the thalamus sends signals simultaneously to the cortex and to the autonomic nervous system
(d) Emotions develop becuase of their adaptive value

xvii- When the development of the same subject is studies over a period of time, the study is called a:
(a) cross sectional study (b) longitudinal study (c) life history study (d) sequential study

xviii- The process of excluding from the consciousness the ideas and feelings which cause guilt and shame is known as:
(a) Projection (b) Repression (c) Reaction formation (d) Regression

xix- The type of learning associated with skinner is:
(a) Classical Conditioning (b) Operant Conditioning (c) Respondent Conditioning (d) Observation Learning

xx- The English Scientist who considered measuring intellingence by measuring head size:
(a) Galton (b) Binet (c) Terman (d) Wechsler

 

 

 

 

PART – II


(i) PART-II is to be attempted on the separate Answer Book.
(ii) Attempt ONLY FOUR questions from PART-II. All questions carry EQUAL marks.
(iii) Extra attempt of any question or any part of the attempted question will not be considered.

 

Q-2 Discuss Piaget’s view of how mind develops and describe his cognitive stages.

Q-3 Describe the Symptoms of Schizophrenia Disorders and discuss the causes of Schizophrenia.

Q-4 Discuss Sigmund Freud’s Psychotherapy in detail, also give its name.

Q-5 Explain the environmental influences adversely affecting the development of neonate.

Q-6 Discuss both genetic and environmental influences on intelligence. Support your answer with evidence.

Q-7 What is drug addiction? What are the factors that instigate an adolescent?

Q-8 What are the chromosomal abnormalities that can take place in prenatal stage? What measures can be taken to prevent them?